number of radio-collared island foxes located across the island. Piloted by IWS
staff biologist Glen Enzfelder, the airplane will be used to support aerial
monitoring as well as to transport equipment and personnel.
Island foxes are particularly susceptible to disease epidemics due to their evolutionary isolation from mainland pathogens and generally low genetic diversity (Munson 2010). The potential threat to island foxes posed by an infectious disease is highlighted by the decimation of the Santa Catalina Island fox due to a canine distemper virus (CDV) epidemic (Timm et al. 2009).
Hudgens, B. R., T.W. Vickers, D. K. Garcelon, and J. N. Sanchez. 2011. Epidemic Response Plan for San Clemente Island Foxes. Unpublished report prepared for the U. S. Navy by the Institute for Wildlife Studies, Arcata, California.
Munson, Linda. 2010. Diseases of island foxes. Pages 129-143 in Coonan, T.J., C.A. Schwemm, and D.K. Garcelon, editors. Decline and recovery of the island fox. Cambridge University Press, NY. 212pp.
Timm, S.F., L. Munson, B. Summers, K. Terio, E. Dubovi, C. Rupprecht, S. Kapil, and D.K. Garcelon. 2009. A suspected canine distemper epidemic as the cause of a catastrophic decline in Santa Catalina Island foxes (Urocyon littoralis catalinae). Journal of Wildlife Disease 45:333-343. PDF